Russian Journal of Transport Engineering
Russian journal of transport engineering

           

2019, Vol. 6, No. 2. - go to content...

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DOI: 10.15862/17SATS219 (https://doi.org/10.15862/17SATS219)

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Ovchinnikov I.I., Karahanyan A.B., Ovchinnikov I.G. Bionic approach to the design of bridge structures. Part 1: Features of the bionic approach in relation to building structures. Russian Journal of Transport Engineering. 2019; 6(2). Available at: https://t-s.today/PDF/17SATS219.pdf (in Russian). DOI: 10.15862/17SATS219


Bionic approach to the design of bridge structures. Part 1: Features of the bionic approach in relation to building structures

Ovchinnikov Ilya Igorevich
Industrial university of Tyumen, Tyumen, Russia
Yuri Gagarin state technical university of Saratov, Saratov, Russia
E-mail: bridgeart@mail.ru

Karahanyan Artur Barmenovich
Penza state university of architecture and construction, Penza, Russia
E-mail: artur_karahanyan@mail.ru

Ovchinnikov Igor Georgievich
Industrial university of Tyumen, Tyumen, Russia
Perm national research polytechnic university, Perm, Russia
E-mail: bridgesar@mail.ru

Abstract. General approaches to the application of bionic approach to the design of building structures, in particular bridge structures are considered. It is shown how the development of bionic design ideas influenced the development of bridge design and how the ideas of bionic design are improved, creating a new language for the future bridge design industry. It is noted that today in Russia the problem of bionic approach in the design of bridges, despite the appearance of a number of works is little studied. Briefly describes the history of the use of the bionic approach in architecture and construction. The possibility of applying the theory of inventive problem solving (TRIZ) when using a bionic approach to design is indicated. A number of examples of bridge structures designed using the bionic approach are given, their advantages and disadvantages are analyzed. Moreover, both stationary bridge structures and living bridges that change their configuration depending on the operating conditions are considered. In conclusion, it is pointed out that, although the topic under study is rather poorly studied in Russia, but this direction is very promising and therefore needs further development.

Keywords: bionics; bridges; bionic approach; bridge design; biomimicry; tensegrity systems; living bridges

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ISSN 2413-9807 (Online)

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